English articles

Ludwig I – his classicist buildings in Munich [EN]

King Ludwig I of Bavaria grew up in the spirit of classicism and neo-humanism at the transition to the 19th century and was an ardent admirer of ancient Greece. Under him, Munich became a city of art and architecture. He was already a builder as crown prince and remained so even after his abdication in 1848.

Bust of Ludwig I in the Ruhmeshalle / Hall of Fame

The architects around Karl von Fischer, who were favored by his father king Maximilian I, were soon sidelined; two other architects were to shape Munich’s cityscape in the future. He appointed Leo von Klenze as his private architect as early as 1815.

Propylaea – built by Leo von Klenze on behalf of Ludwig I

In 1822, Klenze was raised to the Bavarian nobility, appointed court architect in 1825, became a member of the “Académie des Beaux-Arts” in 1841, received the British “Royal Gold Medal” in 1852, and was awarded the Prussian order “Pour le Mérite” in 1861” for sciences and arts and in 1862 he was awarded honorary citizenship of the city of Munich.

Old Southern Cemetery – Tomb of Leo von Klenze

Shortly after the enthronement of Ludwig I, Friedrich Wilhelm Gärtner also received his first commissions. He had been a professor of architecture at the Munich Art Academy since 1819. In addition to his teaching, he was director of the Nymphenburg porcelain and glass painting manufactory. The commission for a design for the Bavarian State Library in 1827 was crucial for his career as a building architect. From this time on, Gärtner had the king’s special trust and this ultimately brought him further planning and construction on Ludwigstrasse.

Old Southern Cemetery – tomb of Friedrich Wilhelm Gärtner with personal dedication from Ludwig I
The Königsplatz gave Munich the nickname Isar-Athens.

The Königsplatz is part of the road link from the Residenz to Nymphenburg Summer Palace. A northern suburb was planned already under King Max I Joseph. His builder Karl von Fischer began expanding the road link to Nymphenburg into a boulevard over a length of 1,500 meters in the Maxvorstadt area. Today’s Briennerstrasse was created.

Propyläen - im Auftrag von Ludwig I. durch Leo von Klenze erbaut

The hall made of Kelheim sandstone with its 48 columns stands on a base 4.30 meters high, is 68 meters wide, 32 meters deep and 16 meters high. Inside there are 92 busts of people who have made special contributions to Bavaria. The statue Bavaria holds an oak wreath in her hand to honor these personalities.

Bavaria – designed by Ludwig Schwanthaler on behalf of Ludwig I and cast by Ferdinand von Miller

The figure of the Patrona Bavariae with the lion sitting at her feet symbolizes Bavaria. The bronze casting of the Bavaria is considered a technical masterpiece, as it is the first example of its kind from the 19th century and the first colossal statue since ancient times to be made entirely of bronze.

Ludwig von Schwanthaler family burial site – Donation from Ludwig I – Old Southern Cemetery

The Bavaria was created based on a model by the sculptor Ludwig Schwanthaler in the royal ore foundry, headed by Ferdinand von Miller. In 1850 the casting of the 18.50 meter high and 87 tonne bronze was completed.

Propyläen - im Auftrag von Ludwig I. durch Leo von Klenze erbaut

It was placed on the almost 9 meter high base. In its cavity you can climb a steep spiral staircase to a viewing platform in the head, which was cast using Turkish cannons that sank with the Egyptian-Turkish fleet in the Battle of Navarino in 1827 during the Greek War of Liberation. In the head of the statue there are two benches that can accommodate six people. Several small lookouts give you a beautiful view on the Oktoberfest and the Paulskirche.

Bavaria and Hall of Fame – built by Leo von Klenze on behalf of Ludwig I

King Ludwig I succeeded in developing Munich, the capital of Bavaria, into an European art center that radiated as far as Paris, London, St. Petersburg and Athens. Through his monumental buildings and art collections, he won over wealthy citizens and tied them to himself and the political system. He employed numerous artists and designers and ensured employment on the numerous construction sites. We Munich residents, newcomers and tourists love to stroll along its boulevards, marvel at the works of Rubens, Dürer and Altdorfer in the Pinakothek and “make a pilgrimage” to the Theresienwiese, be it for the Winter Tollwood or the Oktoberfest.

Service Munich:
Train Ticket SuperSaver ICE from Berlin or Frankfurt Airport to Munich – 2nd class costs from 17,50 €, 1st class from 23,90 €.
Augustin youth and family hotel – Double room from 79 € incl. breakfast.
Hotel Germania (Schwanthalerstraße) – Double room superior (DERTOUR Tour Operator) from 72 € incl. breakfast.
Glyptothek and State Collection of Antiquities entrance fee 6 € (sundays 2 €).
Alte Pinakothek entrance fee 9 € (sundays 1 €).
Bavaria entrance fee 5 €.
Public transport MVV – group ticket up to 5 persons 17,80 € – single person 9,20 € per day.
Museum Line Bus 100 runs Hauptbahnhof Nord – Königsplatz – Alte Pinakothek – Odeonsplatz v.v. / subway U5 runs Schwanthalerhöhe or Theresienwiese – Odeonsplatz v.v.
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Further articles of Munich in German:

Further articles about Upper Bavaria in German:


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