King Ludwig I of Bavaria grew up in the spirit of classicism and neo-humanism at the transition to the 19th century and was an ardent admirer of ancient Greece. Under him, Munich became a city of art and architecture. He was already a builder as crown prince and remained so even after his abdication in 1848.
The architects around Karl von Fischer, who were favored by his father king Maximilian I, were soon sidelined; two other architects were to shape Munich’s cityscape in the future. He appointed Leo von Klenze as his private architect as early as 1815.
In 1822, Klenze was raised to the Bavarian nobility, appointed court architect in 1825, became a member of the “Académie des Beaux-Arts” in 1841, received the British “Royal Gold Medal” in 1852, and was awarded the Prussian order “Pour le Mérite” in 1861” for sciences and arts and in 1862 he was awarded honorary citizenship of the city of Munich.
Shortly after the enthronement of Ludwig I, Friedrich Wilhelm Gärtner also received his first commissions. He had been a professor of architecture at the Munich Art Academy since 1819. In addition to his teaching, he was director of the Nymphenburg porcelain and glass painting manufactory. The commission for a design for the Bavarian State Library in 1827 was crucial for his career as a building architect. From this time on, Gärtner had the king’s special trust and this ultimately brought him further planning and construction on Ludwigstrasse.
The Königsplatz gave Munich the nickname Isar-Athens.
The Königsplatz is part of the road link from the Residenz to Nymphenburg Summer Palace. A northern suburb was planned already under King Max I Joseph. His builder Karl von Fischer began expanding the road link to Nymphenburg into a boulevard over a length of 1,500 meters in the Maxvorstadt area. Today’s Briennerstrasse was created.
The hall made of Kelheim sandstone with its 48 columns stands on a base 4.30 meters high, is 68 meters wide, 32 meters deep and 16 meters high. Inside there are 92 busts of people who have made special contributions to Bavaria. The statue Bavaria holds an oak wreath in her hand to honor these personalities.
The figure of the Patrona Bavariae with the lion sitting at her feet symbolizes Bavaria. The bronze casting of the Bavaria is considered a technical masterpiece, as it is the first example of its kind from the 19th century and the first colossal statue since ancient times to be made entirely of bronze.
The Bavaria was created based on a model by the sculptor Ludwig Schwanthaler in the royal ore foundry, headed by Ferdinand von Miller. In 1850 the casting of the 18.50 meter high and 87 tonne bronze was completed.
It was placed on the almost 9 meter high base. In its cavity you can climb a steep spiral staircase to a viewing platform in the head, which was cast using Turkish cannons that sank with the Egyptian-Turkish fleet in the Battle of Navarino in 1827 during the Greek War of Liberation. In the head of the statue there are two benches that can accommodate six people. Several small lookouts give you a beautiful view on the Oktoberfest and the Paulskirche.
- Nymphenburg – die Sommerresidenz der Wittelsbacher
- Prominentengräber auf Münchner Friedhöfen
- Der Westpark in München – Rosen, Bier und Pagoden
- Der Englische Garten in München
- Der Olympiapark in München wird 50
- Die Isar – ein Alpenfluss durchquert München
- Die Würm – viel mehr als nur eine Eiszeit
Further articles about Upper Bavaria in German:
- Grünwald – eine Radrunde auf dem Olympiakurs 1972
- Burghausen mit der längsten mittelalterlichen Festung
- Auf dem Weg – Altötting
- Schleißheim – drei Schlösser und ein schöner Barockpark
- Bezauberndes Landsberg am Lech
- Freising – der Domberg und Weihenstephan
- Eine Radtour über den Irschenberg ins Mangfalltal
- Von Bayrischzell mit dem Rad ins Inntal
- Der Königsee im Alpen-Nationalpark
- Um den Wendelstein zum Tatzelwurm und Sudelfeld
- Der Tegernsee – die Perle des Oberlands
- Von Mittenwald ins Loisachtal
- Am Starnberger See – eine große Schiffsrundfahrt
- Ammersee – mein Lieblings-Radweg am Westufer
- Die Amper – vom Ammersee zur Isar
- Die Flugwerft – ein Museum der Luftfahrtgeschichte
- Das Fünf-Seen-Land – die drei kleineren Seen
- Das Tölzer Land mit dem Isarwinkel
- Das Blaue Land rund um den Kochel- und Staffelsee
- Am Walchensee – Panoramaweg nach Sachenbach
- Am Schliersee – eine Radtour im Oberland
- Auf dem Tauern-Radweg nach Bad Reichenhall
- Der Chiemsee – rund ums bayerische Meer
- Im Inntal – mit dem Rad vom Ötztal nach Wasserburg
- Am Spitzingsee – Skispaß in den Bayerischen Alpen